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You are here: News & Events News from the States General Beekeeping with Apis mellifera in India - Migration Management

Beekeeping with Apis mellifera in India - Migration Management

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Article Index
Beekeeping with Apis mellifera in India
Earlier work
Distribution and types of vegetation
Migratory routes suggested
Migratory routes for Orissa and West Bengal
Migratory routes in South India
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Earlier work

Deodikar and Thakar (1966) discussed the aspect of migration of bee colonies from forests in hills to farms and orchards in the adjacent plains in order to utilize the local bee flora and improve bee forage availability to bee colonies. Chaturvedi et al. (1969) stated that migratory beekeeping in the Kumaon region of Uttarakhand could enhance honey production and colony multiplication. The schedule for migration of colonies according to them was as follows.

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Location                      Period                                         Honey crop
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Jeolikote                     May - June                                   Summer honey (forest)
Fatehpur                     November                                   Mustard honey
Phoolbag area            December - January                  Eucalyptus and gram honey
Ramnagar                   February - March                        Litchi
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Sihag (1990) suggested migration as an important beekeeping practice for A. mellifera in Haryana. Based on the ecological and vegetation features, he identified three beekeeping zones in the state: southwest, north and central zones. Migration of bee colonies from one zone to the other was suggested following the flowering of the crops in them, which according to him was as given below.

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Zone/Crop                                                   Flowering period
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Southwest

Raya (Brassica juncea)                           December – February
Gram (Cicer arietinum)                           February
Eucalyptus spp.                                       February – March
Shisham (Dalbergia sissoo)                     April
Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum)          March – mid-May
Sunflower (Helianthus annuus)              April – May


Central

Arhar (Cajanus cajan)                           September – October
Toria (Brassica campestris)                   October – November
Sunflower (Helianthus annuus)           October – November; April – May
Eucalyptus sp.                                         February – March
Shisham (Dalbergia sissoo)                   April
Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum)        March – mid-May


North

Eucalyptus sp.                                           March – April
Shisham (Dalbergia sissoo)                     April – May
Berseem (Trifolium alexandrinum)          April – June
Maize (Zea mays)                                      May – July
Cucurbits                                                   May – October
Horticultural crops (Citrus, guava, etc.)   May – October
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Ahmad (1992) and Shahid (1992) discussed about migratory beekeeping in Pakistan to maximize yields. Singh et al. (1998) suggested certain migratory routes for honey production and colony multiplication in Bihar, India. Gatoria et al. (2001) gave a brief account of examples of some routes followed by beekeepers practising migratory beekeeping in different parts of the country, based on their study and on other studies (Goyal and Rana, 1992; Chand et al., 1995; Suryanarayana and Rao, 1998).

...Continued..